Friday, October 14, 2016

Sacred Stones Camp- September 2016

Tribal Historical Overview - Lakota Migration - The 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty

The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is situated in North Dakota and South Dakota. The people of Standing Rock, often called Sioux, are members of the Dakota and Lakota nations. “Dakota” and “Lakota” mean “friends” or “allies.” The people of these nations are often called “Sioux,” a term that dates back to the 17th century when the people were living in the Great Lakes area. The Ojibwa called the Lakota and Dakota “Nadouwesou” meaning “adders.” This term, shortened and corrupted by French traders, resulted in retention of the last syllable as “Sioux.” There are various Sioux divisions and each has important cultural, linguistic, territorial, and political distinctions. The Standing Rock Indian Reservation is a Hunkpapa Lakota andYanktonai Dakota Indian reservation in North Dakota and South Dakota in the United States.

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